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     Jordan (The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan )

     Jordan's Country Profile

     State of Government:

    The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy

    Geography and History:



    Jordan's climate is arid and moderate in temperature. Winter temperatures in Amman average around 7 - 10 C in January, with July temperatures reaching 23 - 27 C. Average annual rainfall varies from less than 50 mm to over 600 mm in certain parts of the country. Amman, at over 950 meters elevation, is known for its cool, dry nights even in full summer.


    Population: 6.181 million (2011) World Bank

    The country is young, with 40% of the population under the age of 15, and only 3% over the age of 65.


    Arabic is the official language, but English is spoken widely, especially in business.

    Weights & Measures:

    The system used in measuring and weights is the metric system.


    The unit of currency is the Jordanian Dinar divided into 1000 fils, and the rate of exchange is 1US$ = 0.708 fils.

    Electric Current:

    The electric current used in Jordan is A.C.50 cycles 220/380 volts.


    Time is GMT (+ 2 in winter, + 3 in summer), or 7 hours ahead of US Eastern Standard Time. Summer time is observed from April through September.

    Weights and Measures

    Jordan operates on the metric system. Length is counted in meters, distances in kilometers, weight in kilograms and volume in liters. You may come across the measurement for land: the dunum. One dunum is equivalent to approximately 1000 square meters (10,760 square feet).

    Working Days and Hours:

    Most private businesses observe Friday as the weekly holiday, while banks and government offices close on Fridays and Saturdays.

    National Holidays:

    All Islamic holy days are national holy days and are based on the lunar calendar:

    Eid Al - Fitr: A 3-day feast marking the end of Ramadan.

    Eid Al- Adha: A 4-day holiday, which is the feast at the end of Haj, or the month of Pilgrimage to Mecca.

    First of Muharam: Islamic New Year.

    Eid Al Isra Wal Mi'raj: The Prophet Mohammad's night Journey from Mecca to Jerusalem and his ascension to heavens.

    The Birth of Prophet Mohammad.

    In addition to:

    New Year                                                                                               1st January

    His Majesty King Abdullah The Second Birthday                                    30th January

    Labor Day                                                                                              1st May

    Independence Day                                                                               25th May

    His late Majesty King Hussein's Birthday                                               14th November

    Christmas                                                                                            25th December


    Visitors flying into Jordan have no problem in transportation. The country has an extensive network of paved roads which permits smooth movement through different parts of the country.

    Personal movement is not difficult as there are more than 100 rental car agencies offering a full range of vehicles. Also the yellow taxis are very reasonably priced and reliable.

    Medical Service:

    Modern medical services are readily available in Jordan's larger cities and towns and the bigger hotels normally have a doctor on call. Most doctors speak English fluently. Pharmacies can provide medication for minor ailments, but travelers should carry their own prescription medication.


    Jordan has unique historical and religious places to visit.

    For further information regarding tourism you can visit the Jordan Tourism board at their web-site address:

    Qualifying Industrial Zones (QIZ)

    Further enhancing Jordan's leverage over other neighboring countries in the MENA Region, Jordan was granted the unprecedented opportunity to establish Qualifying Industrial Zones (QIZs), zones which provide duty and quota free access to the U.S. market for products manufactured in Jordan.

    On March 6, 1998, the United States Trade Representative designated the Al Hassan Industrial Estate in Irbid as the world's first and only 'Qualifying Industrial Zone' (QIZ). Products produced by manufacturers in the Irbid QIZ can be exported to the American market quota and duty free if they involve economic cooperation between Jordan and Israel, and if they fulfill certain simple requirements. Besides the advantage of exporting to the U.S.A. duty and quota free, revenues earned from exports of QIZ products are fully exempted from income and social service taxes, and imported raw materials used in their manufacture are exempted from customs duties. In most cases this means that products produced in the QIZ can enter the U.S. at lower, more competitive prices than similar products from other countries.

    The success of the first QIZ has necessitated expansion of Al-Hassan Industrial Estate, along with the creation of additional zones. Three new QIZs have been established in industrial parks located near the cities of Karak, Zarka and Amman. A fourth QIZ, straddling the Jordan-Israeli border, is the Gateway Industrial Park, which will be fully operational by the end of the year 2000.

    The Advantages of the QIZ

    - Duty and tariff free access to the US Market

    - No quotas on production in the QIZ

    - Income and social services tax exemptions

    - Imported raw materials not subject to custom duties

    - Land and buildings available for sale or lease

    - No restrictions on project ownership

    - No restrictions on foreign currency transactions